Coyotes rarely attack people, but as their numbers increase and they move into more urban areas, attacks on people are increasing. To protect yourself and your family:
- Never leave small children unattended in the yard
- Coyotes look very much like dogs, especially to small children. Teach children to recognize coyotes and to go inside the house (do not run) or climb up on a swing or deck and yell if they are approached. They should never approach an unfamiliar dog, especially one that looks anything like a coyote
- If followed or approached by a coyote, do not run or turn your back. Act aggressively by shouting, waving arms or throwing objects to reinforce the threat. Carrying an air horn or pepper spray may be considered for those seeking further protection
- Report any coyote behaving aggressively toward people (e.g., approaching people for food, attacking leashed pets, stalking children, chasing joggers or bikers, etc.) to local police and your state wildlife agency
- If an adult or child is attacked, scratched, or bitten, contact your doctor and local health department for treatment advice and contact the state wildlife agency to assess the situation and take appropriate action
Coyotes causing severe damage to pets or livestock, or posing a threat to public health and safety, may be removed using regulated in-season trapping and hunting methods, or outside the season through special permits issued by state wildlife agencies to professional nuisance wildlife trappers. Trapping coyotes requires advanced training and trapping skills and traps need to be set and checked in accordance with state laws.