How to deal with problem Fox in Vermont

Fox (Red fox, Gray fox)

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Pennsylvania Game Commission/Jacob Dingel

Red and gray foxes are both found in most areas of North America. Foxes are a member of the dog family, with a long pointed muzzle, large pointed ears, and a bushy tail.

Red foxes typically are light orange-red with black legs, a light colored underbody and a white-tipped tail. They prefer open woodlots interspersed with farmlands.

Gray foxes are primarily a salt-and-pepper gray above with yellow-tan underfur and a black-tipped tail. They prefer heavier cover such as forests, swamps, and areas along rivers and streams.

Foxes are largely active during dawn and dusk hours, but they can also be active during the day. Foxes den in burrows, wood piles, rocky outcrops, hollow trees, and brush piles, as well as under sheds and decks. They tend to be opportunistic feeders, consuming small mammals, rabbits, birds, eggs, insects, fruit, and poultry. The breeding season for foxes is generally from March through April with an average litter size of 3-5 pups. Breeding seasons should be considered in nuisance control activity in order to avoid orphaning young.

Foxes readily adapt to urban areas where suitable habitat exists. They may aggressively attack and kill domestic cats and occasionally threaten and attack dogs when protecting their den or young.

Foxes are a known rabies threat and animals exhibiting abnormal behavior should be reported to local police. Mange also affects foxes, resulting in weakened animals coming in close proximity to pets and people while scavenging for food. Mange from foxes may be transmitted to dogs by contact through the environment around dens and loafing areas. 

Laws and regulations to be aware of

While we attempt to provide guidance about state and federal regulations pertaining to specific species and control techniques, we do not provide information about local jurisdictions (city, town, county, etc.) where regulations may be more restrictive, especially as it applies to discharge of firearms, transport of animals or use of trapping equipment. Contact your local city or county government to inquire further. No guarantee is made that information (or lack of information) associated with a species or control technique is completely accurate or current. You should become familiar with federal, state and local laws before beginning any wildlife control activities.
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