How to protect people from coyotes in New Jersey | Coyote

How to protect people from coyotes

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Coyotes are found in rural and urban areas throughout North America. They are not always a threat, but they may attack pets or people. Behavior should dictate control response.

Coyotes rarely attack people, but as their numbers increase and they move into more urban areas, attacks on people are increasing. To protect yourself and your family:

  • Never leave small children unattended in the yard
  • Coyotes look very much like dogs, especially to small children. Teach children to recognize coyotes and to go inside the house (do not run) or climb up on a swing or deck and yell if they are approached. They should never approach an unfamiliar dog, especially one that looks anything like a coyote
  • If followed or approached by a coyote, do not run or turn your back. Act aggressively by shouting, waving arms or throwing objects to reinforce the threat. Carrying an air horn or pepper spray may be considered for those seeking further protection
  • Report any coyote behaving aggressively toward people (e.g., approaching people for food, attacking leashed pets, stalking children, chasing joggers or bikers, etc.) to local police
  • If an adult or child is attacked, scratched, or bitten, contact your doctor for treatment and contact the state wildlife agency to assess the situation and take appropriate action

Coyotes causing severe damage to pets or livestock, or posing a threat to public health and safety, may be controlled through regulated in-season trapping and hunting, or outside the season through special permits issued by state wildlife agencies to professional nuisance wildlife trappers. Trapping coyotes requires advanced training and trapping skills and traps need to be set and checked in accordance with state laws.

Laws and regulations to be aware of

While we attempt to provide guidance about state and federal regulations pertaining to specific species and control techniques, we do not provide information about local jurisdictions (city, town, county, etc.) where regulations may be more restrictive, especially as it applies to discharge of firearms, transport of animals or use of trapping equipment. Contact your local city or county government to inquire further. No guarantee is made that information (or lack of information) associated with a species or control technique is completely accurate or current. You should become familiar with federal, state and local laws before beginning any wildlife control activities.

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